Osteoarthritis Prevention & Management in Primary Care

Clinical Management of OA

Because there is neither a cure nor effective disease-modifying drug therapies for osteoarthritis (OA), management of symptoms (e.g. pain, tenderness and swelling) is essential for those patients who are living with the disease.  A variety of OA evidence-based management guidelines have been developed by notable international organizations: Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI), American College of Rheumatology (ACR), European League Against Rheumatology (EULAR), American Association of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS), just to name a few.  The management recommendations presented in this module align with the most commonly prescribed practices across these expert bodies; where inconsistencies exist, ACR guidelines will be used as the exemplar model.

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OA Management Strategies

The strategies for OA management fall into two broad categories, which are typically used concurrently: pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic.  This module will provide a general overview of both categories. Select Pharmacologic or Nonpharmacologic below to learn more about these management strategies.